Top 10 Mistakes To Avoid In Preparing Your Private Placement Memorandum

PPM Lawyer

A Private Placement Memorandum (PPM) is a document that details everything potential investors need to know about your company before making an investment. The importance of the PPM cannot be overstated: it serves as a powerful tool for both attracting investors and legally safeguarding your company. However, many businesses stumble in its creation and execution, which can lead to unintended consequences.

In this blog, we will highlight the top 10 mistakes to avoid when preparing your PPM to ensure a smooth fundraising process.

1. Neglecting Legal Guidance

Some businesses are tempted to bypass legal counsel to cut costs. However, preparing a PPM is a complex process that requires a deep understanding of securities laws. Avoid the mistake of going it alone – consult with an experienced securities attorney to ensure your PPM is in compliance with all relevant laws and regulations. Making a mistake with respect to the proper disclosure of any material facts, structure and terms of securities being offered, organization of the business, and/or the statement of relevant rules and regulations can lead to serious legal liability and even SEC enforcement action.

2. Lack Of Comprehensive Risk Factors

Risk factors are an essential component of a PPM. Every investment carries risks, and it’s important to be upfront about these to build trust with potential investors. Underestimating or failing to disclose all possible risks can expose your business to potential litigation. It is important to note that making mitigating statements in connection with risk factors may lead to liability and exposure.

3. Over-Reliance On Templates

While using a template can be a helpful starting point, relying solely on it can lead to a generic PPM that fails to capture your business’s unique attributes and value proposition. Tailor your PPM to your business to provide potential investors with the most accurate and compelling representation of your company.

4. Overly Optimistic Projections

While it’s natural to be optimistic about your company’s future, your PPM should reflect realistic financial projections backed by credible data and analysis. Overly optimistic projections can be misleading, potentially leading to disappointed investors and legal issues.

5. Poor Organization And Presentation

An unorganized or poorly presented PPM can be off-putting to potential investors. Ensure your PPM is easy to read, logically structured, and professionally presented. Remember, your PPM is often the first comprehensive look investors get at your business – make it count.

6. Insufficient Company And Management Information

The PPM should provide thorough information about your company and management team. Investors need to know who they are entrusting their money with and why your team is qualified to deliver on its promises. Failing to provide adequate information in these areas can raise red flags.

7. Ignoring The Competition

It’s essential to provide a detailed analysis of your competition within the PPM. This shows you understand your market and have a clear strategy to navigate it. Ignoring or underplaying your competition can signal to investors that you might not be prepared for the realities of the marketplace.

8. Inadequate Explanation Of The Use Of Proceeds

Investors want to know exactly how their money will be used. Provide a clear, detailed plan for how the investment will be allocated. Avoid vague statements about the use of proceeds.

9. No Clear Exit Strategy

Investors are ultimately interested in how and when they’ll see a return on their investment. Therefore, your PPM should include a clear exit strategy. Failing to address this can discourage potential investors.

10. Failure To Update The PPM Upon Material Changes

Although a PPM is generally accurate as of the date set forth on its cover, there are situations that may require an update. In the event of a “material change” to the business or offering, updating the PPM may be needed.

But what exactly does this mean? A material change is a significant event or piece of information that, if it had been known at the time of the original issuance, could have potentially influenced an investor’s decision to invest in the company.

Here are some examples of material changes that may require updates to a PPM or Form D:

  • Financial Changes: Major shifts in a company’s financial position, such as unexpected losses, changes in revenue projections, acquiring significant debt, or a fundamental change in the business model, may constitute a material change.
  • Legal Issues: Any new significant legal issues or disputes that the company is involved in could be considered material, particularly if they have the potential to impact the company’s operations or financial stability.
  • Changes in Management or Key Personnel: The departure or addition of key executives, directors, or significant employees can have substantial impact on the business and may be material.
  • Change in Business Operations or Strategy: If a company decides to enter a new market, launch a new product line, or make a strategic pivot that substantially alters the nature of the business, these changes may be considered material.
  • Changes in Ownership Structure: Any significant changes to the equity structure of the company, such as a new round of financing, a significant sale of shares, or a major change in the rights of existing shareholders, are likely to be deemed material.
  • Regulatory Issues: Any regulatory action taken against a company, changes in the regulatory environment that significantly impact the company, or changes in the company’s compliance status, may be considered material changes.
  • Material Contracts: Entering into, or terminating, a contract that is significant to the company’s business operations or financial health is likely a material event.
  • Market or Industry Changes: Significant shifts in the market or industry that have a substantial impact on the company’s business or competitive position could be considered material.
  • Significant Asset Acquisitions or Disposals: If a company acquires or disposes of significant assets, it could materially impact the company’s financial position or operations.
  • Change in Risk Factors: Any new significant risks to the business, or substantial changes to previously disclosed risk factors, should be considered material.

Keep in mind that whether a fact or event is considered “material” can be a complex legal determination and may depend on the specific circumstances. Therefore, it’s advisable to consult with a legal advisor or a securities attorney when deciding if a change is significant enough to necessitate updating a PPM or Form D.


In conclusion, a well-prepared PPM can be the key to successful fundraising. By avoiding these common mistakes, you’ll be on the path to creating a compelling and compliant PPM that effectively communicates your company’s potential to prospective investors.

Remember, professional legal and financial advice is invaluable in this process. Ensure you have the right experts guiding you, and your PPM will be a solid foundation for your capital-raising efforts.

What Customers Say About Us

Featured Clients

Trusted Partners